VHDL Code Examples

VHSIC [Very High Speed Integrated Circuits] Hardware Description Language
IEEE-1076




This is just a quick reference of some short VHDL code fragments. Above each code segment is a circuit which represents the fragment.
In most cases the Process, and end of Process commands are not listed to keep the text down.




VHDL code for a D Flip Flop

VHDL D Flip Flop Code Example

process (signal names)
begin
if (clock’event and clock = ‘1’) then
output <= data;
end if;
end process

A 1 bit flip flop is used as the example. but any data width may be used.
Reference; a D Flip Flop Definition and true table.



VHDL code for a D Flip Flop with Reset and Clear

VHDL D Flip Flop Code

if reset = ‘0’ then
output <= ‘0’;
elsif set = ‘0’ then
output <= ‘1’;
elsif (clock’event and clock = ‘1’) then
output <= data;
end if;

Note that the code show asynchronous Reset and Clear lines, which is fine for the code segment.
However those lines should be synchronized at some point, or insure that no data is used when those lines are valid.



VHDL code for a D Flip Flop

VHDL D Flip Flop Code

if (clock’event and clock = ‘0’) then
if (reset = ‘0’ and data = ‘0’) then
output <= ‘0’;
elsif (reset = ‘0’ and data = ‘1’) then
output <= ‘0’;
elsif (reset = ‘1’ and data = ‘0’) then
output <= ‘0’;
elsif (reset = ‘1’ and data = ‘1’) then
output <= ‘1’;
end if;




Another flip flop using a reset, but this time just to zero out the data, as in a gating signal.
Again, the rest signal should have been synchronized with the clock at some point [in another code fragment].



VHDL code for a JK Flip Flop


VHDL JK Flip Flop Software Code Example

if (clock’event and clock = ‘1’) then
if (in1 = ‘0’ and in2 = ‘0’) then
output <= output;
elsif (in1 = ‘1’ and in2 = ‘0’) then
output <= ‘1’;
elsif (in1 = ‘0’ and in2 = ‘1’) then
output <= ‘0’;
elsif (in1 = ‘1’ and in2 = ‘1’) then
output <= not(output);
end if;
end if;

Reference; a JK Flip Flop Definition and true table.



VHDL code for a 2-to-1 Mux


VHDL Mux Code

if sel = ‘0’ then
output <= data1;
elsif sel = ‘1’ then
output <= data2;
end if;

Reference Standard Logic Multiplexer Circuits.
This circuit may be scaled to any data width, and more complicated select functions can be implemented.



VHDL code for a Serial to Parallel Converter

VHDL Serial to Parallel Converter Code Example

if clear = ‘0’ then
shift_reg <= “00000000”;
elsif (clock’event and clock = ‘1’) then
shift_reg(7 downto 1) <= (6 downto 0);
shift_reg(0) <= serial;
end if;

A common 8 bit data path is coded as an example.
Reference Common Shift Register Functions.



VHDL code for a Parallel to Serial Converter
VHDL Parallel to Serial Converter Code Example

if load = ‘0’ then
shift_reg <= parallel;
elsif (clock’event and clock = ‘1’) then
serial <= shift_reg(7);
shift_reg(7 downto 1) <= (6 downto 0);
end if;

A common 8 bit data path is coded as an example.
Reference Common Shift Register Functions.



VHDL code for a 4 bit Counter

VHDL Counter Code

if load = ‘0’ then
output <= “1111”;
elsif (clock’event and clock = ‘1’) then
output <= data - ‘1’;
end if;
carry <= ‘0’ when output = “0000” else ‘1’;
load <= carry;

The code provides a 4 bit down counter function.
Reference common logic functions; Up/Down Decade Counters, or Up/Down Binary Counters.



VHDL code for a 1 bit Adder

VHDL Adder Code

if c = ‘0’ then
if (a and b) = ‘1’ then
sum <= ‘0’;
carry <= ‘1’;
elsif (a or b) = ‘1’ then
sum <= ‘1’;
carry <= ‘0’
end if;
elsif c = ‘1’ then
if (a and b) = ‘1’ then
sum <= ‘1’;
carry <= ‘1’;
elsif (a or b) = ‘1’ then
sum <= ‘0’;
carry <= ‘1’;
end if;
end if;

An adder could be a half adder which does not accept a carry in or a full adders that uses a carry input [as shown].
It's assumed that these inputs are some how synchronized with a clock.
Reference; Types of IC Adders, with logic diagram.



VHDL code for a State Machine

VHDL State Machine

if reset = ‘0’ then
state <= stateA;
output <= ‘0’;
elsif (clock’event and clock) = ‘1’ then
case state is
when stateA
output <= ‘0’;
state <= stateB
when stateB
output <= ‘1’;
if input = ‘1’ then
state <= stateB;
else
state <=stateC;
end if;
when stateC
output <= ‘0’
state <= stateA;
end case;




Exclusive-OR Gate


2-input Exclusive-OR Gate

if (a and b) = ‘1’ then
y <= ‘0’;
elsif (a and b) = ‘0’ then
y <= ‘0’;
else
y <= ‘1’;
end if;

Reference; a Exclusive-OR Gate Definition and true table.


IEEE-1076: Standard VHDL Language Reference Manual IEEE Computer Society Document
IEEE 1076.1: VHDL Analog and Mixed-Signal Extensions IEEE Computer Society Document
IEEE 1076.2: Standard VHDL Mathematical Packages IEEE Computer Society Document
IEEE 1076.3: Standard VHDL Synthesis Packages IEEE Computer Society Document
IEEE 1076.4: Standard for VITAL ASIC (Application Specific Integrated Circuit) Modeling Specification IEEE Computer Society Document
IEEE 1076.6: Standard for VHDL Register Transfer Level (RTL) Synthesis IEEE Computer Society Document

Links on this site:
VHDL Sites: Listed here
Back to the Logic Design Page, Digital Logic Pitfalls
VHDL Design Tools: CAD - CAE Products
VHDL Simulation Tools: VHDL Simulation Software Products
FPGA Manufactures: Hardware - Components - Semiconductor- Digital - Programmable Logic

In regards to flip-flops and other examples, there are no constraints on using standard functions.
That is a flip flop does not have to be constrained to a D-type or JK-type function, any number of commands might be used.
The functions provided do relate to an available IC function so comparisons can be made between the firmware and hardware.


PC motherboard
Home

Distributor rolodex Electronic Components Electronic Equipment EDA CDROM Software Engineering Standards, BOB card Cabled Computer Bus Electronic Engineering Design Table Conversion DB9-to-DB25.
DistributorsComponents Equipment Software Standards Buses Design Reference
Modified 2/29/12
© 1998 - 2012 All rights reserved Leroy Davis